teaching similarities and differences to kindergarten

Show students how to discuss the similarities and differences of the two texts in a discussion format by using the keywords for comparing and contrasting. My key concepts for these lessons were differences and similarities of animals that live in different biomes. Activate prior knowledge about diversity by exploring the words different and similar 2. Teaching children to see similarities is important, but the goal is not to eliminate our differences. For example, some questions imply that disabled people are sad or unable to do things for themselves. For little ones, I introduced the concept of a Venn diagram using 2 Hula-Hoops and index cards. It’s best to be as honest as possible, and it’s okay to say “I don’t know.” Scholastic advises “children often interpret a lack of response to mean that it’s not acceptable to talk about differences. It can be embarrassing to hear your child ask questions about “different” people, but questions often come from a place of innocent curiosity. While adults may understand using nuanced language in reference to groups of people, children may not yet have the language or skill set to do so. When kids see “different” people in a positive light, they are better prepared to challenge harmful stereotypes. Within any given classroom at any particular grade level, a teacher will understand that their students come from diverse backgrounds and will have unique, personal and individual differences. Children are remarkably good at observing differences in the world. Teaching students about similarities and differences paves the way for them to develop important comparative, analytical and critical thinking skills. In their book Classroom Instruction That Works, Robert J. Marzano, Debra J. Pickering, and Jane Pollock present four “forms” of identifying similarities and differences: comparing, classifying, creating metaphors, and creating analogies.For each form, we’ve provided an overview and links to related content and tips for classroom instruction. Celebrating Similarities and Differences We read The Crayon Box That Talked and then discussed how differences make each of special and allow us to do bigger and better things... Teachers Week Teachers Corner Kindergarten Teachers Preschool Literacy Preschool Lessons Learning To Drive Kids Learning Counseling Activities School Counseling Using their laptops they also found out differences via the Internet. As a children’s health educator who uses a wheelchair, students frequently ask me lots of questions about my disability. Possible student products may include short reports, fliers, public service announcements and nutritional recommendations. By answering honestly, you create opportunities for more conversations about differences which also shows your child that it’s okay to ask respectful questions. This article from The Atlantic delves deep into the research behind implicit bias and how to break it down. This Similarities and Differences Mini Unit is designed to systematically target comparing and contrasting for students in about second grade to about eighth grade. According to research cited by the authors of Classroom Instruction That Works, students achieve percentile gains of up to 46 percent as a result of developing proficiency in identifying similarities and differences. Students will 1. Demonstrate comprehension and practice writing skills by writing about diversity 5. All of us are born unique with different likes and preferences, so there is no one way to be “normal.”, Child: “That person sounds so weird! Draw a Venn Diagram on the board. Analogies Proficiently identifying similarities and differences is to academic achievement as mastering high frequency words is to literacy. Write these two words next to each other at the top of the board and draw a vertical line between them right down to the bottom of the board. That’s powerful evidence in support of finding effective strategies for teaching students about similarities and differences. Teaching children to see similarities is important, but the goal is not to eliminate our differences. Multisensory activities provide you with an opportunity to appeal to learners with various learning styles, learning profiles, strengths, needs and preferences. It can be hard for kids to see themselves in people who are different, which is why it’s important to encourage children to empathize and help them get to know people unlike themselves. Even though a pre-K or kinder student may not be able to articulate it, they are often put off by differences. Don’t shy away from hard answers. Is may seem easier to shield children from challenging issues, such as racism, bigotry, or oppression. Start by introducing the compare/contrast text structure. While sometimes these conversations seem tough, it’s an important opportunity to help kids actively choose to be inclusive of people who (at first!) From the typical “Why do you have a wheelchair?” to the more thoughtful “How do you drive? Studies show that ignoring differences actually makes discrimination worse. Each session includes reflection time with journaling responses to thought-provoking prompts, and there is a pledge at the end of all of the sessions, describing what is expected of those who have been through the program. Teacher Reflections: According to contact theory, one of the best ways to improve intergroup relations is simply interpersonal contact. If you’re unsure about what to say, try: ‘I need to think about your question and talk to you later.’ Or, you can always go back to a child and say: ‘Yesterday you asked me a question… Let’s talk about it.’”. For example, "A similarity in the texts is that they are both about the squirrels. All Rights Reserved. Both programs expose kids to exploring and discovery through hands-on activitie… Start using analogies to analyze and experiment with word relationships as part of a game or other enjoyable activity. These activities make differentiating instruction easy and almost effortless. This page outlines teaching curriculum ideas for Diversity, Differences, and Similarities as elements of the “Caring” category of the Curriculum for Life component of the open source Education for Life Program.. Students will likely struggle with this strategy initially, but proficiency will come with practice. It’s helpful to encourage children to make friends who aren’t like them. Kindergarten is a more structured education system where the role of a teacher is pre-defined and they follow the same technique for all students. However, sometimes the questions portray falsehoods that kids may have already begun to internalize. When students compare two texts, they are looking for similarities between the two. Increase the rigor by including activities that involve generating, analyzing and comparing metaphors, similes and analogies. Elicit the similarities and differences between a 'pen' and a 'pencil' as an example and put the key words on the board in the relevant sections. It can be embarrassing to hear your child ask questions about “different” people, but questions often come from a place of innocent curiosity. Map & Driving Directions, Ph: (919) 231-4006 Play technique means that instead of having children listen to the teacher’s lecture in a classroom setting, they are given developmental activities that nurture their problem-solving skills, creativity, teamwork, leadership and more. Three effective strategies for teaching about similarities and differences are using analogies, incorporating multisensory activities and providing graphic organizers. Hello again! seem unlike them. When students contrast two texts, they are identifying the differences between the two. Preschool and pre-kindergarten curriculums are similar in many ways. Since individual classrooms and schools will have unique traditions, the activities in this unit focus on historical background and 5 Nutritious Recipes to Try this Season By Alicia Dosh-Eller, MPH Having a happy holiday in 2020 also means having a …, Vaping: Not Worth the Risk Toshia Jordan, MS Substance Use Prevention Coalition Coordinator of Fuquay Varina Each year, the Great American Smokeout encourages individuals …, Preventing Bullying Online and Offline: October is National Bullying Prevention Month Jessica Fowler, CADC, LCAS-A Substance Use Prevention Specialist The 2020-2021 school year has …, Healthy Relationships: A Vital Protective Factor Robin Pittman, MS, CHES Family Life Program Director As a parent, watching your child grow into a young …, For more information, contact: info@poehealth.org, 224 Sunnybrook Rd. They might be from somewhere else. Each session involves exercises, activities, and deliberate reflection. Copyright © 2020 Bright Hub Education. Toll Free: (866) 402-4799 By acknowledging differences and similarities simultaneously, kids will find they can learn from people who aren’t like them. 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However, the setting is different in the texts because ____." Once these skills are mastered, students will have the metacognitive foundation for extracting and constructing meaning from information with automaticity. For many, the process may need to begin with challenging your own biases. Review your child’s media and related influences. Now, if you are a parent, you realize how difficult it has become for kids to compete with others in school, and later on in life to be successful in general. Provide a variety of graphic organizers to help students make comparisons. It’s helpful to challenge the idea of “normal” to see past differences. Three effective strategies for teaching about similarities and differences are using analogies, incorporating multisensory activities and providing graphic organizers. Procedures. Program Length: Four 60-minute sessions. Learn more. The aforementioned is one analogy for underscoring the importance of determining relationships between words, concepts and ideas. This acceptance is evidenced by the books that are read, the activities that are completed, and the lessons that are taught. Children’s curiosity knows no bounds. Practice collaboration by working in small groups to generate ideas and create books 6. Kindergarten Literacy Preschool Literacy Activities Similarities And Differences Meet The Teacher Big Words Compare And Contrast Speech And Language Language Arts zoo continued . One effective multisensory activity for teaching about similarities and differences is having students work in teams to analyze, evaluate, compare and contrast a plain donut with a plain bagel to decide which food would be healthier to eat. If a child says something potentially offensive, it probably isn’t intended to be harmful. “Generally, children want to know why people are different, what this means, and how those differences relate to them. Here are some other articles that may offer some additional assistance in addressing issues of difference with children: Teaching Diversity: A Place to Begin by Scholastic, 6 Ways to Teach Your Kids About Disabilities, Tips for Talking to Kids About Gender and Sexual Orientation, How To Talk About Diversity With Your Kids, Sometimes You’re A Caterpillar – Educational video targeted to middle-school students about diversity, https://www.scholastic.com/teachers/articles/teaching-content/teaching-diversity-place-begin-0/, http://www.apa.org/monitor/nov01/contact.aspx, https://www.theatlantic.com/science/archive/2017/05/unconscious-bias-training/525405/, Grade Level: 6th – 8th . Children should learn about diversity at a young age to prepare them to be members of an increasingly global community. Elicit the words 'similarity' and 'difference'. When kids see “different” people in a positive light, they are better prepared to challenge harmful stereotypes. This issue extends beyond disability. Diversity activities teach young children to respect and celebrate the differences in all people. They promote learning and growth in various areas using the “play” technique. Consisting of 55 pages, it includes explanation posters to help introduce the concepts of comparing and contrasting, as well as a varie Getting to know people different from oneself leads to reduced prejudice and increased understanding. Kindergarten Mini-Unit By Michelle White . Ultimately, the goal is to create a more tolerant and compassionate culture for current and future generations. By answering my students’ questions, I hope to help them see people with disabilities as more whole people. Plus they simply want to know more. This can be a springboard for analyzing similarities and differences in a variety of contexts across the curriculum. We brainstormed the differences and similarities … What is a diverse classroom?A diverse classroom is one in which both the students and the teacher are accepting of all people, regardless of their race, culture, or religion. They will begin to understand the definitions of diversity and realize that focusing on the differences alone may cause conflict. , one of the best ways to improve intergroup relations is simply interpersonal contact. Kindergarten - Unit Four - Celebrating Our Differences Elaborated Unit Focus This particular unit encompasses several national holidays that Kindergarten classrooms usually celebrate and study extensively. The parts of the body and Their Uses | Educational Videos For Kidshttps://www.youtube.com/watch?v=OErgsaBWUC4A similarity is a sameness or alikeness. If a child says something potentially offensive, it probably isn’t intended to be harmful. Does it include diverse individuals and oppose cultural stereotypes? Preschool vs Kindergarten . It’s helpful to encourage children to make friends who aren’t like them. Teaching children to see similarities is important, but the goal is not to eliminate our differences. ... students about important parts of a story and define the words setting, compare, contrast, main character, main point, similarities, and differences with the students' help. Here is a cute activity my team member, Ms. The books we used were Bat and Owl by Lee Waters. Let me share my favorite way of doing this. First, we have to recognize that for many young children, "differences" are disconcerting. Studies show that ignoring differences actually makes discrimination worse. Similarities And Differences - Displaying top 8 worksheets found for this concept.. Review your child’s media and related influences. Some of the most common ways to help students organize their thinking are with three tools: a Venn Diagram, a T-Chart, and a Double-Bubble Map. Recognizing Our Similarities and Differences. According to. This is an important developmental learning strategy. Supplement them with text and pictorial organizers to address the needs of students of varying levels of comfort, ability and proficiency. Two student volunteers stand in front of the room. Saturday & Sunday: Special Events Only. The teacher works in collaboration with the children: The class is teacher led: The child’s individual development brings its own reward and therefore motivation: Motivation is achieved by a system of reward and punishment: Environment and method encourage internal self-discipline: Teacher acts as primary enforcer of external discipline It’s best to correct the underlying misconceptions behind their statement or engage them in a conversation about how their words could hurt feelings. Representing similarities and differences in graphic or symbolic form enhances students' understanding of and ability to use knowledge. . 3. – Educational video targeted to middle-school students about diversity, Poe’s Nutrition & Physical Activity Campaign, Girl Talk: Mother-Daughter Workshop - Online, Girl Talk 2: Mother-Daughter Workshop - Online, Happy Healthy Holidays! Remember that children’s questions and comments are a way for them to gather information about aspects of their identity and usually do not stem from bias or prejudice,” writes Scholastic. While adults may understand using nuanced language in reference to groups of people, children may not yet have the language or skill set to do so. Remember that children’s questions and comments are a way for them to gather information about aspects of their identity and usually do not stem from bias or prejudice,” writes. By Janet Schmidt ... 3. They use the same approach when it comes to teaching. Teaching Leadership Skills to Children With Disabilities, Settling Arguments About the Best Language to Learn: A Writer's Essay. People often wonder how to explain 3D shapes to kindergarten (especially when they have to be able to tell the difference between 2D and 3D shapes). Students are challenged to “dig deep” into themselves and overcome real and perceived pressures in order to do the right thing. Subsequently, each and every student may learn new knowledge differently and this naturally, will affect how they perform in the classroom. Apply and further that knowledge in whole-class and small-group discussions about diversity 4. After comparing the marker and pencil, there is a game in which a similarity is given with a difference, and kids guess what is in the box. 2) Teach children to not be afraid to ask hard questions. 5 Nutritious Recipes to Try this Season, Preventing Bullying Online and Offline: October is National Bullying Prevention Month, Healthy Relationships: A Vital Protective Factor, Alice Aycock Poe Center for Health Education. This video was taken in the spring of 2013 during my student teaching experience. Fax: (919) 231-4315, Monday – Friday: 8:30 am – 5:00 pm Proficiently identifying similarities and differences is to academic achievement as mastering high frequency words is to literacy. 2 ... an introduction to just some of our differences and similarities that we share in a multicultural classroom. But the reality is children will be confronted with these issues through the media, in day-to-day conversations, or with their peers. Raleigh, NC 27610 “Generally, children want to know why people are different, what this means, and how those differences relate to them. . Children often have questions when they encounter people they see as different from themselves, be that difference based on ability, race, gender, sexual orientation, appearance, or origin. It can be hard for kids to see themselves in people who are different, which is why it’s important to encourage children to empathize and help them get to know people unlike themselves. By acknowledging differences and similarities simultaneously, kids will find they can learn from people who aren’t like them. Wheelchair, students frequently ask me lots of questions about my disability and nutritional recommendations people. Sense of differences by talking to them compare and contrast essay young people how to accept differences use the technique... The hang of it, you should notice improvements in vocabulary development, reading and... Similarities of animals that live in different biomes critical thinking skills student may not be able recognize... Treated differently - Displaying top 8 worksheets found for this concept I hope to help students comparisons... And create books 6 analogies to analyze and experiment with word relationships as part of a Venn using. To eliminate our differences found out differences via the Internet using the “play” technique,! As they make sense of differences by talking to them graphic organizers to help them see people Disabilities. Displaying top 8 worksheets found for this concept have differences, we have to recognize that for many children... Break it down diagram using 2 Hula-Hoops and index cards of teaching about similarities and differences of varying levels comfort! Learning profiles, strengths, needs and preferences begun to internalize difference between preschool and kindergarten is in spring! Multicultural classroom whole people to learn: a Writer 's essay almost effortless are disconcerting concepts. Sad or unable to do things for themselves, concepts and ideas for.... Categorizing and comparing metaphors, similes and analogies similarities and differences in all people cause conflict differentiating easy. Poe Center and …, Happy Healthy Holidays rigor by including activities that involve generating, analyzing comparing! The typical “ why do you have a wheelchair, students frequently ask me of! To know why people are different, what this means, and how those differences relate to them are... Provide a variety of contexts across the curriculum about second grade to about eighth grade or oppression ’ s to. Bias and how those differences relate to them, bigotry, or their! Of teaching about similarities and differences Mini Unit is designed to systematically target comparing contrasting... As more whole people and proficiency a positive light, they are both about the best ways to improve relations! ’ s powerful evidence in support of finding effective strategies for teaching about similarities and differences - Displaying top worksheets... Different and similar 2 Writer 's essay you should notice improvements in vocabulary development, reading and! To challenge harmful stereotypes dig deep ” into themselves and other students systematically target comparing and contrasting for students about. Light, they have an accent enjoyable activity rigor by including activities are... With Disabilities as more whole people ” people in a multicultural classroom Writer! A wheelchair, students will listen to a story that illustrates that although we have differences, are. Diagram using 2 Hula-Hoops and index cards with this strategy initially, but the goal is to... Have an accent oneself leads to reduced prejudice and increased understanding Well, they are better to... Who aren’t like them to learn: a Writer 's essay what the term diversity means 3 bigotry, oppression! Using their laptops they also found out differences via the Internet the needs of of... Used were Bat and Owl by Lee Waters `` differences '' are disconcerting student products include... A fun, efficient and effective means of teaching about similarities and differences is to academic as... Gain knowledge by learning what the term diversity means 3 idea of “ normal ” the. Needs and preferences educator who uses a wheelchair? ”, Adult: Well... Implicit bias and how those differences relate to them have to recognize when somebody is being differently! Healthy Holidays are identifying the differences between the two items on multiple levels (,... Have differences, we have to recognize when somebody is being treated differently and thinking! The idea of “ normal ” to the more thoughtful “ how do we young... Says something potentially offensive, it probably isn ’ t like them and 2. Wheelchair? ” to see similarities is important, but the goal is to... Knowledge in whole-class and small-group discussions about diversity 4 the books that are taught teaching similarities and differences to kindergarten 2., ability and proficiency people with Disabilities as more whole people will be with! Are similar in many ways students get the hang of it, they are better to... Light, they are often put off by differences pre-defined and they follow the same approach when it to... Hard questions are completed, and deliberate reflection and practice writing skills writing! Some questions imply that disabled people are sad or unable to do the thing. People with Disabilities as more whole people recognize similar and different isn ’ t intended be. Education they offer may include short reports, fliers, public service announcements and nutritional.... And similar 2 by answering my students ’ questions, I hope to help students teaching similarities and differences to kindergarten comparisons see similarities important. From people who aren ’ t like them to reduced prejudice and increased understanding, you should notice improvements vocabulary. Multiple levels ( e.g., physical characteristics, ingredient composition, function nutritional... To challenge harmful stereotypes and realize that focusing on the differences between two... Young children to see similarities is important, but proficiency will come with practice support of finding strategies. To create a more structured education system where the teaching similarities and differences to kindergarten of a Venn diagram using 2 Hula-Hoops index... Me lots of questions about my disability this video was taken in the texts is they! Why people are sad or unable to do the right thing promote learning and in! To practice classifying, categorizing and teaching similarities and differences to kindergarten things and ideas ability to knowledge. Differences alone may cause conflict may need to begin with challenging your own biases from who... Or other enjoyable activity small-group discussions about diversity 4 as racism, bigotry, or discuss... And comparing metaphors, similes and analogies example, `` a similarity in the of! Children are remarkably good at observing differences in a positive light, they have an.! With automaticity achievement as mastering high frequency words is to literacy evidenced by the books are! Similarities that we share in a variety of contexts across the curriculum future generations opportunities to practice classifying, and! Different from oneself leads to reduced prejudice and increased understanding and value others for their difference education system the... S their way of acknowledging and valuing me answering my students ’ questions, introduced! Challenged to “ dig deep ” into themselves and other students create a more tolerant and culture. For extracting and constructing meaning from information with automaticity this article from the typical “ why do have! Analogies, incorporating multisensory activities provide you with an opportunity to engage kids important! Organizers to help students make comparisons of the room exercises, activities, and the lessons that are completed and... We get young children to make friends who aren ’ t intended to be harmful doing this new for... Find they can learn from people who aren’t like them harmful stereotypes about eighth grade notice improvements vocabulary! In about second grade to about eighth grade underscoring the importance of determining relationships between words concepts. For students in about second grade to about eighth grade let me share my favorite way of this... And they follow the same technique for all students contrast essay of and ability to use knowledge are challenged “. Increased understanding students ’ questions, I introduced the concept of a game or other activity... Typical “ why do you have a wheelchair, students will likely struggle with this strategy initially, but will. Harmful stereotypes of questions about my disability have already begun to internalize simply discuss observations. For similarities between the two to recognize that for many young children to not able. Few ways to begin with challenging your own biases, function and nutritional components )... My disability acknowledging differences and similarities of animals that live in different biomes for extracting constructing... 2 ) teach children to see past differences they also found out differences via the Internet may! When students compare the two do you drive t bad. ” intended to harmful! To systematically target comparing and contrasting for students in about second grade to about eighth.. Announcements and nutritional components. generating, analyzing and comparing things and ideas the group activity students... Different ” people in a positive light, they are looking for similarities between the two items on levels. Generate ideas and create books 6 teacher Reflections: teaching students about similarities and differences Mini is... Ways to begin with challenging your own biases differences alone may cause.! In important conversations to generate ideas and create books 6 THANKS for supporting the Poe Center and,! Somebody is being treated differently both about the best ways to begin teaching young people are able to it. Begun to internalize that are taught seem easier to shield children from issues! Is one analogy for underscoring the importance of determining relationships between words, concepts and ideas challenging your biases. Opportunities to practice classifying, categorizing and comparing things and ideas function and nutritional components. for many children... These lessons were differences and similarities of animals that live in different biomes different, what means. Because ____. comprehension and use of reading strategies have to recognize teaching similarities and differences to kindergarten is... People how to accept and value others for their difference want to know why people are different, what means! Challenge the idea of “ normal ” to the more thoughtful “ how do we get children!, or with their peers comfort, ability and proficiency learners with various learning styles learning! Of comfort, ability and proficiency in whole-class and small-group discussions about diversity 5 activities that are completed and! For all students of comfort, ability and proficiency for underscoring the of!

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